What is a Mortgage?

"A mortgage is a type of loan specifically designed for purchasing real estate, such as a house or a piece of land.

When you take out a mortgage, a lender, typically a bank or a mortgage company, provides you with the funds needed to buy the property.

In return, you agree to repay the loan over a set period, usually spanning several years, through regular payments that include both capital (the amount borrowed) and interest (the cost of borrowing). The property itself serves as collateral for the loan, meaning if you fail to make payments as agreed, the lender may take possession of the property through a process called foreclosure. Mortgages enable individuals and families to become homeowners by spreading the cost of purchasing a home over time."

  • 'Ancient Times'The Beginning

    In ancient civilizations, including Rome and ancient India, there were early forms of mortgage-like arrangements where land could be used as security for loans.
  • 'The Middle Ages'Land first used as collateral

    Feudal societies in medieval Europe saw the use of land as collateral for loans. If a borrower failed to repay, the lender could seize the land.
  • 17th CenturyFirst concept of a Mortgage

    The concept of a formalised mortgage began to emerge in England. Borrowers would convey an interest in their property to a lender as security for a loan.
  • 18th CenturyThe name 'Mortgage' was born

    In the 18th century, the French term "mort-gage" came into use, where "mort" means dead and "gage" means pledge. This term reflected the idea that the pledge (property) would be dead to the borrower if the loan wasn't repaid. This French influence contributed to the terminology used in the mortgage process.
  • Also 18th CenturyWelsh Influence

    Welsh Context: In Wales, the agrarian society meant that mortgages were frequently tied to farmland, reflecting the importance of agriculture. The Welsh term "morgais" became synonymous with mortgages. The social and economic landscape of Wales influenced the way mortgages were structured, often with considerations for agricultural productivity.
  • 19th CenturyIndustrialisation - 'Urban Housing'

    In the United Kingdom, the 19th century saw an increase in industrialisation. This led to a shift in mortgage dynamics, with urban property gaining prominence alongside rural holdings. The growth of coal mining in Wales, for example, influenced the mortgage landscape as miners sought housing.
  • 1930'sThe Great Depression

    The Great Depression prompted the U.S. government to create housing agencies, and a similar emphasis on housing and mortgages occurred in the UK. In Wales, the impact was felt in both rural and urban settings, with initiatives to provide affordable housing.
  • 1930-1980'sThe Evolution

    Mortgages underwent significant changes from the 1930s to the 1980s. During the 1980s in the UK, economic shifts occurred, notably with the introduction of the "Right to Buy" scheme. This initiative enabled council tenants, including those in Wales, to buy their homes at discounted rates, playing a crucial role in enhancing the accessibility of homeownership.
  • The Early NoughtiesThe Boom

    The UK experienced a housing boom in the early 2000s, with rising property values. This influenced mortgage trends, and various financial products emerged to meet the demands of diverse buyers.
  • 2008The Financial Crisis

    Mortgage regulations in the UK were tightened post-2008. In Wales, the aftermath of the financial crisis had implications for both urban and rural property markets.
  • NowThe Present

    The current mortgage landscape in Wales and the rest of the UK faces challenges and opportunities due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing conflict in Ukraine. These events have impacted markets, altering mortgage criteria, and prompting adjustments in lending practices. Mortgage service providers in Wales are adapting to these complexities, modifying offerings to changing conditions, while businesses, especially in real estate and housing, require a resilient approach to support aspiring homeowners amidst fluctuating market conditions.

Your Home (or property) may be repossessed if you do not keep up repayments on your mortgage or any other debts secured on it. Some forms of Buy to Let Mortgages and Commercial Finance are not regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. The Financial Conduct Authority does not regulate commercial finance and some forms of buy to let mortgage.

First Time Buyers

First-time buyer mortgages are tailored for individuals entering the property market for the first time, offering assistance and incentives to help them purchase their initial home.

Read More


Get good deal on your mortgage! Explore our re-mortgage options for the most suitable rates and more flexibility. Save money or raise money – our solutions are designed to suit your needs

Read More


Home Mover

Moving? Make it easy with our home-mover solutions. From quick mortgage approvals to personal support, we're here to make your move smooth. Step into your new home confidently.

Read More



Invest smartly in property! Check out our buy-to-let options for expert advice on profitable locations and tailored financing. Build a successful portfolio with our support – start securing your future today.

Read More.

Self Build

Self-build mortgages provide financing for individuals constructing their own homes, with funds released in stages throughout the construction process to cover costs. This can very long winded.

Read More


Self-employed mortgages cater to individuals with their own businesses or irregular income, providing tailored financing options to accommodate their unique financial circumstances.

Read More

Other specialist mortgages?

Two other examples are:

  • Non-standard property types, i.e. Timber Frame, cladding etc. while other environmental factors can impact lender's decision like Japanese Knotweed or a Commercial Property nearby.
  • Different types of buy-to-let (BTL) investments. For example: Holiday-Lets, HMO (House of multiple Occupancy and many more.         

Read More

Do you want to speak to an Expert?

Access personalised guidance through our 'Speak to an Expert' service. Our mortgage brokers are here to simplify the complexities of mortgaging. Whether you're a first-time buyer or looking to refinance, our experts offer tailored advice to align with your financial goals.

We prioritise transparent communication and aim to empower you with the knowledge necessary for well-informed decisions. Connect with our mortgage professionals today and navigate the path to homeownership confidently.

Do you have any questions?

Send us a message

Contact us